Home » Ingredient Substitutes » Out of Arrowroot Powder? 7 Arrowroot Powder Substitutes Will Save Your Recipe! 

Out of Arrowroot Powder? 7 Arrowroot Powder Substitutes Will Save Your Recipe! 

Arrowroot powder is a gluten-free natural thickening agent often used in sweets, soups and sauces. Are you in need of an arrowroot powder substitute when you don’t have any on hand?

Fret not, as we have got you covered with some of the most suitable alternatives that will save your dishes and cater to various dietary preferences.

arrowroot starch substitute

In this blog post, we’ll introduce you to numerous arrowroot powder alternatives. Although it may seem difficult to know which one is right for which dish. In the end, you’ll discover what type works best for your culinary creations. 

Arrowroot Powder: What Is It?

Arrowroot powder, also known as arrowroot starch or arrowroot flour. It is a white powdery substance that is made from the dried root of the arrowroot plant (a starchy tropical root vegetable). 

arrowroot plant

This starch is often used as a natural thickening agent since it is flavorless and odorless, which makes it easy to use in both savory and dessert recipes.

Arrowroot powder’s popularity stems from its lack of flavor, allowing it to thicken dishes without altering their taste profile. The most significant advantage is its gluten-free nature, making it an ideal choice for those with gluten sensitivities. 


Moreover, it also provides a clear and glossy finish to sauces or dishes when used as a thickener, creating visually appealing meals without the risk of cloudiness. It’s so versatile, you can use it in both cooking and baking, including thickening sauces, gravies, or acting as a binder in gluten-free baking.


Despite arrowroot powder’s benefits, there may be instances where you need to use substitutes.

Reasons may include difficulty finding it in grocery stores and potentially higher costs compared to more readily available substitutes. Or when accommodating dietary restrictions due to allergies or personal preferences.

uses for arrowroot powder

Additionally, while excellent at thickening at low temperatures quickly, arrowroot powder tends to lose its effectiveness under prolonged heat exposure. This limitation can cause problems with recipes requiring extended cooking times or high heat levels.

How To Use It as A Thickener?

To use arrowroot powder as a thickener, whisk it with a small amount of cold water until it dissolves to make a slurry (similar to a cornstarch slurry). 

Then, add the slurry slowly to the hot liquid you want to thicken while constantly stirring to prevent lumps from forming.

thickening sauces

Keep in mind, it is important not to boil the mixture, otherwise arrowroot will lose its thickening properties when exposed to high temperatures. 

Plus, it thickens fast and just a little bit can go a long way, so use it sparingly at first to avoid over-thickening. 

Arrowroot Powder Can Also Be Used In Baking?

The answer is Yes! It works well in cake baking, as it helps to create a soft and moist structure for cakes. 

Using arrowroot powder will also create crispier bites in cookies and biscuits. However, you should not over-mix your ingredients, as this will cause the final product to become dense and doughy. 

for baking

7 Common Arrowroot Powder Substitutes

We’ve listed some common replacements — all offering their unique characteristics while still maintaining effective thickening abilities. So choosing between them is entirely up to your needs.

1. Cornstarch

Cornstarch is most commonly used as an alternative to arrowroot powder. It has a similar texture and can be used in equal quantities as a thickener in sauces and soups. It also contains no gluten, making it ideal for those with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease.

3. Potato Starch

It has a similar consistency, making it an ideal thickening agent. When using potato starch as a sub for arrowroot powder, use a 1:1 ratio to achieve the desired thickness.

One of the advantages of using potato starch is that it can withstand high temperatures without breaking down. This makes it perfect for dishes that require extended cooking time such as casseroles. 

3. Tapioca Flour/Starch (Cassava Flour)

It is derived from the cassava root and has a mild taste, making it suitable for both savory and sweet dishes. When using it as a replacement for arrowroot powder, it’s important to note that its texture may be slightly different. Tapioca starch tends to create a chewier texture compared to arrowroot powder’s silky-smooth consistency. 

4. Rice Flour

When it comes to gluten-free and vegan recipes, rice flour has a similar consistency and can be used as a binding agent in pies, sauces, and other dishes. However, one downside of using rice flour as a substitute is that it can leave an aftertaste or grittiness if not cooked properly.

5. Pea Starch

As the name implies, pea starch is made from yellow peas. Generally, peas contain 40% starch, which is a white powder with a neutral taste and color. Making it an ideal ingredient to thicken saucy dishes.

6. Xanthan Gum

In addition to its use as a thickener or stabilizer, xanthan gum is also used as a food additive. In addition to emulsifying and thickening dressings, xanthan gum also works as a binding agent with gluten-free flour.

7. Wheat Flour

It provides a similar texture and consistency to arrowroot powder, making it an excellent choice. However, wheat flour contains gluten, so it may not be suitable for those with gluten sensitivities. If you’re on a GF diet, you might try coconut flour or almond flour for baking.

How To Choose The Right substitute for arrowroot powder

1. Texture And Consistency

When choosing an alternative, the texture and consistency of your recipe are essential considerations. For instance, potato starch is an excellent option when you need a thickener for soups or stews because it has a similar texture to arrowroot powder. Tapioca flour can also be used to make a chewy or gelatinous consistency in your dish.

arrowroot to thicken

2. Flavor Profile

Potato starch has a neutral flavor and won’t affect the taste of your dish, making it an excellent choice for savory recipes like gravies or soups. Tapioca flour has a slightly sweet taste that can enhance desserts like pies or puddings.

gluten free baking

On the other hand, cornstarch has a distinct starchy flavor that may not blend well in some dishes. It’s also not recommended for dishes with acidic ingredients due to its tendency to break down and cause thinning. All-purpose flour is mild in flavor and can work well in both savory and sweet dishes.

3. Quantity Needed

Keep in mind that different recipes may require different quantities of substitution. For sauces and gravies, you’ll need less substitution than you would for baking recipes like cakes or bread.

Add bit by bit until you achieve the desired thickness and texture in your recipe. Understanding the quantity needed can help ensure successful replacements without altering the flavor profile or consistency of your dish too much.

4. Allergens Or Dietary Restrictions

It’s essential to consider any dietary restrictions or allergies. For example, if you are gluten intolerant, wheat flour should not be your go-to substitute. And those who follow a keto diet may want to avoid using all-purpose flour or other high-carb substitutes like potato starch.

arrowroot flour

Conversion Ratios

The amount needed may vary depending on the recipe and how much arrowroot powder was originally called for.

Potato starch and tapioca flour are usually substituted in a 1:1 ratio with arrowroot powder. On the other hand, cornstarch is often used in a 2:1 ratio (two tablespoons of cornstarch for every tablespoon of arrowroot).


1. Arrowroot Powder VS. Arrowroot Flour

There is a slight difference between the two.

The powder is made from the starchy root or rhizome of the arrowroot plant. It is processed and refined to get a fine, white powder that is commonly used in baking as a binder. Flour, on the other hand, refers to the raw, unprocessed form of arrowroot. It is coarser, and is better suited to use in making sauces, soups, stews, and gravies.

2. Arrowroot Powder Is Gluten-Free and Grain-Free?

It is both gluten-free and grain-free, making it a popular choice for people with various dietary restrictions. 

what is arrowroot powder

Unlike wheat-based flours, arrowroot powder does not contain gluten proteins that can cause inflammation in those with celiac disease and gluten sensitivities. Moreover, it is extracted from the root of the arrowroot plant, which is not a grain that contains gluten.

3. How To DIY Arrowroot Powder

Making your own arrowroot powder at home is easy and cost-effective.

Start by purchasing high-quality, organic arrowroot root from a natural food store or online retailer. Rinse the root thoroughly with water, then peel and chop it into small pieces.

Spread the chopped roots out on a baking sheet and drythem in the oven at 150-200 degrees Fahrenheit for several hours until they are completely dry. Once fully dry, grind the roots using a coffee grinder or food processor until they become a fine powder.

stored in airtight containers

To prevent bacteria contamination, ensure that all utensils used during the process are clean and keep arrowroot powder in airtight containers.

This DIY option allows you to save money while also having control over the quality of ingredients used in your cooking.

With proper storage tips which include keeping it away from humidity, making your homemade arrowroot powder will last up to one year before it starts losing its potency.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, arrowroot powder provides a versatile and accessible solution for those seeking alternatives to this popular thickening agent.

Whether you have dietary restrictions or simply want to switch things up in the kitchen, cornstarch, potato starch, tapioca flour/starch, rice flour, wheat flour and other substitutes can be used in an array of recipes from savory sauces to sweet desserts.

However, it’s important to consider texture, flavor profile and quantity when selecting a substitute. With a bit ofexperimentation and creativity in the kitchen using these substitutes can lead to delicious results that satisfy everyone at your table.

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7 Arrowroot Powder Substitutes Will Save Your Recipe!

If you're in a pinch and don't have any arrowroot powder on hand, never fear! These seven substitutes will save your recipe.
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  • The amount needed may vary depending on the recipe and how much arrowroot powder was originally called for. Potato starch and tapioca flour are usually substituted in a 1:1 ratio with arrowroot powder. On the other hand, cornstarch is often used in a 2:1 ratio (two tablespoons of cornstarch for every tablespoon of arrowroot).

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